Environmental Impact of Cryptocurrency: How is it Both Problem and Solution?

Dr Vin Menon
4 min readJun 15, 2023

Over the last few years, the use of cryptocurrencies has become tremendously popular as a means of investment and financial transaction. However, with the rise of crypto has come concerns about the environmental impact of cryptocurrency, particularly with regards to the amount of energy required for the mining and processing of digital currencies. While many believe green cryptos to be a possibility, some are still doubtful.

Now the question arises here, is cryptocurrency bad for the environment? It’s very clear that cryptocurrencies are impacting the environment, in both positive and negative manners. The processes like cryptocurrency mining require a lot of energy which is damaging the environment. On the other hand, innovation in technologies for crypto operating procedures are potentially reducing the negative environmental impact.

In this article, we will know how crypto’s role in climate change brings both a problem and solution. Is green crypto possible? Let’s find out!

What is Cryptocurrency and its Impact on the Environment?

Cryptocurrency is a digital asset that is secured by cryptography and powered by blockchain technology. It has become a popular form of currency in recent years, with its use increasingly rapidly. But with this rise in popularity, there has been an increase in concern about the environmental impact on the environment.

Concepts like green crypto are producing visible changes in order to protect the environment with the adoption of renewable energy sources. Green crypto is powered by replenishable sources of energy such as hydroelectric, wind and solar energy, which is responsible for the positive environmental impact of cryptocurrency.

Also, cryptocurrencies have eliminated the need for physical currency, which has reduced the use of paper money. This, in turn, reduces the amount of paper waste and the need for paper production.

On the other hand, the negative environmental impact of cryptocurrency such as high energy consumption, e-waste, carbon footprint, and land use can’t be ignored. According to research from the Rocky Mountain Institute, the energy consumption of Bitcoin alone is estimated to be around 127 TWh per year, which is more than the annual energy consumption of a small country.

Further data from The Atlantic shows that the carbon emissions from cryptocurrency mining are estimated to be around 62 megatons of CO2 per year, which is again equivalent to the annual carbon emissions of a small country.

Exploring the Potential Of Cryptocurrency to Mitigate Climate Change

Despite the negative impacts of crypto, it has the potential to be a key player in mitigating climate change. To make green crypto a reality, it’s time to consider how we can use cryptocurrency to capitalize renewable energy sources, and herald other initiatives to mitigate the adverse effects of crypto on climate change.

For example, while the proof-of-work algorithm of Bitcoin makes Bitcoin mining an energy-intensive procedure, cryptos like Ethereum, Solana, and Cardano are trying to opt for other mechanisms to reach consensus that don’t require as much energy.

Examining the Pros and Cons of Cryptocurrency’s Role in Fighting Climate Change


  • Blockchain technology, which manages cryptocurrency, can provide greater transparency and accountability in environmental initiatives. For example, with the use of this technology, the process of carbon tracking and verification becomes much easier, resulting in establishing a positive environmental impact of cryptocurrency.
  • Cryptocurrency can offer a great space for individuals and organizations to invest in renewable energy and other sustainable projects such as green crypto directly, surpassing traditional financial methods and reducing paperwork.
  • The use of decentralized, peer-to-peer networks for cryptocurrency can reduce the need for centralized organizations that consume energy and contribute to carbon emissions.


  • Cryptocurrency mining, especially for Bitcoin, consumes a high amount of energy and is a significant contributor for the carbon emissions which is responsible for the negative environmental impact of cryptocurrency.
  • Due to the volatility of crypto markets, it would not be easier to attract long term investment in sustainable projects.
  • The lack of regulation in the cryptocurrency market can make it difficult to ensure that funds are being invested in legitimate and effective environmental initiatives.

How Crypto Can Act as a Solution to Climate Change?

Cryptocurrency can be a solution to climate change, depending upon how it is used and the specific context in which it is used. As I mentioned above, the cryptocurrency mining process, particularly Bitcoin, requires a huge amount of energy which can potentially damage the environment and can eventually harm the climate in the long term. Whereas, the new technological advancements are introducing concepts like green crypto which are playing a major role in the positive environmental impact of cryptocurrency.

What’s more, multiple projects are already working towards mitigating the energy footprints left by Bitcoin mining, such as the Switzerland-based Block Green which incentivizes sustainable mining through a decentralized lending protocol.

Overall, it can be said that the combination of blockchain and renewable sources of energy can offer a unique range of opportunities in order to conserve the environment and promote the concept of sustainable development for the future generation.


In this article, I have discussed how crypto’s role in climate change is both a problem and solution by covering aspects such as the environmental impact of cryptocurrency. I have also tried to answer questions like ‘Is crypto sustainable?’ and ‘Is cryptocurrency bad for the environment?’. To be honest, crypto is a double-edged sword in humanity’s hand, just like any other technological advancement. It’s up to us to play to its strengths and make green crypto a reality, by consciously working to tone down the energy footprint it leaves behind.

For more informative blogs on crypto and blockchain, give my Medium blog a visit!



Dr Vin Menon

A blockchain enthusiast and entrepreneur’s musings on the next big revolution since the Internet.